On Wednesday of last week it was wonderful to learn that I was one of 22 people chosen for a NJ individual artist fellowship this year. In my work lately I have been focusing my attention on the evils of power, and wondering about the relationship of the victim to those victimized. When considering frontal lobotomies, it is easy to see that the villain is the neurosurgeon who performed them, while the victim is the mentally ill person. The patient shown here did not live at the time that the neurosurgeon James Watt aggressively performed lobotomies with Walter Freeman. However, if she did, she may very well have ended up with an ice pick in her eye. In our desire to cure or help those in pain, we are sometimes driven to extremes, which in hindsight appear despicable. Although even while Watts and Freeman performed lobotomies, critics called the operation crude and irresponsible. Jack Al-Hai’s book, The Lobotomist is engaging reading, and profoundly disturbing. I found myself exclaiming at points, not believing that these operations could be allowed, and for so long. There is also an enlightening transcript from An American Experience episode. It is interesting, but not surprising to note that when these doctors were performing frontal lobotomies predominantly on female patients, the majority of mentally ill patients in hospitals were male.